Effects of Ciloxan
by Ken Tan
Rabbit Eye Treatment
My rabbit had a nasolacrimal duct flush recently and I was given ciloxan to
apply on her.
I noticed her eyes became reddish and were tearing up a bit.
Is this a common effect from ciloxan use?
Ken Tan, Singapore
Kerry Greener of Just Rabbits Responds:
Ciloxan drops are a quinolone based antibiotic which works by killing sensitive
bacteria by stopping the production of essential proteins needed by the bacteria
to survive. The problem is because it kills important proteins it comes with
Ciloxan drops may cause sensitivity to light and/or cause white crystals to
form in the eye. These can make the eye very painful. Some bunnies can also
have an allergic reaction to the active ingredients. This is a very strong medicine
and usually used as a last resort.
This is taken from MyPetMD and will give you further ideas into what you should
Epiphora is characterized
by an abnormal flow of tears from the eyes, usually occurring as a result
of poor eyelid function, blockage of the nasal and eye portion of the tear
ducts (nasolacrimal), or eye infection or inflammation, which may all be precipitated
by by dental disease or tooth abscess. As rabbits have only one tear duct
-- located very close to the tooth and gums -- the duct can be easily blocked
due to oral disease (longtooth impaction is also very common in rabbits).
Epiphora may occur also due to longstanding respiratory disorders that block
the nasal passages.
Congenital tooth malocclusion, and congenital
eyelid deformities are usually seen in young rabbits. Middle-aged rabbits,
meanwhile, usually suffer from cheek tooth elongation and subsequent epiphora.
And dwarf and lop breeds often show congenital tooth malocclusion, exposing
them to blocked tear ducts. Dwarf and Himalayan breeds also often suffer from
glaucoma; more rarely, glaucoma affects the Rex and New Zealand White breeds.
A good idea moving forward, or preventing this from happening again, would
be to look at the cause of the problem rather than treating
There are quite a few reasons as to why your rabbit may be experiencing a runny
eye. A few of these are below..
- Abnormal formation of nasal ducts and eye structure
- Nose inflammation or sinusitis
- Injury or fractures of the bones close to the eye orbits/tear ducts and
the upper jaw
- Tumours in the conjunctiva, medial eyelids, nasal cavity, maxillary bone
- Foreign bodies in the eye (e.g., hay, litter, bedding)
- Exposure to chemicals used for home or cage cleaning
- Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the lining of the eyeball)
- Glaucoma (high fluid pressure on the eyeball)
- Paralysis of the facial nerves
When the correct cause is discovered, then the correct treatment or course
of action can be ascertained.
In many cases, strong medicinal and chemical based drugs can and should be avoided,
especially for the old or very young rabbit, as their immune system is compromised
and recovery from additional harsh medicines can be very difficult, painful,
and in some cases, fatal.
You may also wish to try some of the safer alternatives such as true
colloidal silver, which has been called nature's antibiotic.
There are also many plants and herbs that act in much the same way and serve
as excellent 'antibiotics' and natural remedies.
more information on natural antibiotics for rabbits, click here..
We have found that rabbits that are allowed to forage in a natural environment,
usually live much longer healthier lives than their caged or hutched counterparts.
Animals that forage tend to know which trace minerals, vitamins and plant compounds
they need to maintain a healthy body, internally and externally.
If you would like to learn more about optimizing your rabbit's lifespan, you'll
find a multitude of information and helpful resources and answers
in this book... "How Long Do Rabbits Live?".
Please research where you feel is important for your rabbit to get better.
I hope I have helped and that your bunny gets better soon.
P. S. I am not a vet and only give this response as a guide. Rabbits hide their
symptoms extremely well and if you feel your bunny is not their 'normal' self
then please seek veterinary help immediately to be on the safe side.
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