The Best Rabbit's Diet

What Do Rabbits Eat?

A rabbits diet is a fundamental part of their overall care and quality of life but exactly what do rabbits eat?

If you asked 100 people on the street that same question, you'd be amazed by the answers!

Rabbit with a carrot

Most people will say... Yes you guessed it... CARROTS!!

But carrots shouldn't really be part of a rabbits eating plan at all. Carrots should only be offered as a special treat - a bit like you with a big bar of chocolate ;-)

Rabbit Diet & Feeding Fundamentals

So let's take a look at the fundamentals of a rabbits diet, break it down in to bite-sized chunks, so to speak and answer some common rabbit diet questions.

If you have a particular area of concern or interest, click the links below to jump to that section:

Rabbit Shopping

Fundamentals of a Rabbits Diet

  • RSPCA Video on Rabbits Diet - Useful, quick explanation video from the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
  • The Importance of Water - A clean, fresh, abundant water supply is vital in a rabbits diet for them to remain healthy. They need lots of it too. Here you'll see why...
  • Rabbit Food Pyramid - A basic layout of what a rabbits diet should look and the percentages involved in the foods they should eat. Also a list of toxic and dangerous foods.
  • The Importance of Hay! - Some people don't even offer their rabbits hay, some rabbits won't eat it. Here are the reasons why it's so vital and what you can do to encourage your rabbits to eat it.
  • Safe & Unsafe Foods - Different greens in a rabbits diet each day are important. Here's two basic lists of common green plants and vegetables, the ones to avoid and ones that are good!
  • Toxic Garden Plants & Bulbs - Why rabbit owners everywhere have a secret little panic-attack every Spring and your solution about what to do about it!
  • Rabbit Pellets - Why is the fibre content in pellets so important in a rabbits diet? What are the best brands? Here's some advice and pointers.
  • Fruit & Treats - You can give your rabbits treats of course, providing they are not overweight or suffering with illness. You can make some great natural, healthy treats too.
  • Answers to Common Rabbit Diet Questions - How can I get my rabbit to eat more hay? What does GI stasis mean? What's so bad about muesli for rabbits? My rabbit has stopped eating, is this bad? and more...
For a more detailed look at all aspects of bunny health, diet, environment, companionship & longevity check out the revolutionary iRabbit READY System by Kerry Greener of Just Rabbits Limited

Do You Have a Story About Your Rabbits Diet?

What do they love? How do you cope with a fussy rabbit?
Do you have any tips or tricks up your sleeve?

Just like you, visitors to this page would love to see
how others have succeeded
(or failed - we all learn by our mistakes after all)
with fussy eating habits!

Click here to write & share your story -
it's really easy and fun too!

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What the RSPCA Has to Say About a Rabbits Diet

RSPCA Rabbits Diet Video

With the help of former rescue bunnies Buddy and Cleo and their vet Molly, the RSPCA has put together a useful video explaining how and what, you should include in your rabbits diet to keep them healthy and happy.

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The Importance of Water

Water is a vital nutrient in a rabbits diet, they require more than any comparable species.

In one day
a 5lb pound rabbit
can drink as much water
as a 24lb dog!

Because this is so important and you may not have realized, let's just repeat that...
In one day a 5lb pound rabbit can drink
as much water as a 24lb dog!

Rabbit drinking

In fact, the average rabbit consumes between 50 and 150 millilitres of water per 2.2 pounds of body weight per day.

Please bear this in mind when you put water out for your rabbits. Think of each rabbit as a mid-sized dog and you'll be about right!

Bottle It or Bowl It!

A water bottle with a metal spout is the best and most rabbits pick up how to use it quite quickly.

You can encourage them with some jam on the end to get them started though. Make sure you check the spout every day to make sure it's working properly.

Rabbit water bowl

A water bowl can be susceptible to contamination from poo or urine. Also some rabbit breeds have large dewlaps and if this is getting wet when they lean over to drink, they could get a skin infection. However, if you do use a bowl make sure it's one that's heavy and won't get knocked over.

Rabbits Get Heatstroke

Rabbits can't go without water for more than 24 hours (even less during hot weather) without serious health consequences.

Rabbits generally tolerate cooler weather much better than warmer temperatures.

Cool rabbit

If the temperature gets above 84 degrees Fahrenheit it's dangerous as rabbits don't sweat like we do.

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Rabbits Diet Food Pyramid

The food pyramid below shows the proportions and types of food your rabbit should eat daily. It's only a rough guide but you get the picture, yes?! Hay - Hay - Hay!!

Rabbit Food Pyramid

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The Importance of Hay in Your Rabbits Diet

Why Hay?

There are numerous reasons why hay is so important in a rabbits diet and why it should make up 80% or more of their overall diet. It should also be readily available at all times of the day so they can graze on it when they want to. Here's a few reasons...

  • Digestion - Rabbits have a digestive system especially adapted to breaking down fibre in vegetation. Much the fibre necessary to keep this system working properly is found in, yes you guessed it - hay!
  • Dental Health - The constant chewing of hay wears down a rabbits' teeth and prevents something called molar spurs. These sharp spikes can be very painful to the rabbit especially when eating and they may stop altogether.

Understanding Hay

Get answers to the following questions...

  • What Kind of Hay is Best for My Rabbits?
  • Where can I buy the best type of hay for my rabbits?
  • How much hay should I give my rabbits?
  • What should I do with old stale hay?
  • Is all hay the same?
  • What can I do if my rabbits will not eat hay?

The answers to these questions are vital to your rabbit's health and longevity.

Look at some of the major rabbit diseases and you'll see what I mean.

Just Rabbit's Recommends...

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Safe & Unsafe Foods

Safe Greens, Plants & Herbs

Safe Greens

Greens are important in a rabbits diet and should make up about 12% of their total daily intake of food.

Safe Herbs

You can buy all the best and most delicious herbs from supermarkets or farmers markets, which are still growing in pots and keep them on your windowsill, just break a few sprigs of each variety and mix in with your rabbit's hay!

Mmmm delicious and a great way to get your buns to eat more hay too!

Your rabbits will love eating them fresh, straight from the plant too given half the chance, so why not get some seeds and grow your own!

For a full list of rabbit safe greens and rabbit safe herbs, check out the New Just Rabbits 'Get Started with Rabbits' Kit!

Inspiration at your fingertips!

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Safe Foraging - Weeds & Garden Flowers

Safe Weeds & Flowers

Weeds such as dandelions and goosegrass always go down well in a rabbits diet.

These, and a handful of fresh grass sprinkled in with their hay will go down a treat too.

For a full list of rabbit safe weeds and wild flowers, check out the New Just Rabbits 'Get Started with Rabbits' Kit!

You will be surprised at the delicious menu available right on your doorstep or growing in your nearest hedgerow!

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Toxic Garden Plants & Bulbs

Poisons That Lurk in the Garden!

Every Spring, rabbit owners everywhere have a secret little panic-attack. Bulbs and unknown plants popping up in the garden that they are not sure if their bunnies can eat safely or not!

Yes, they may look pretty and announce the welcome first signs of Spring but most rabbit owners know, most bulbs and many pretty flowering plants are highly poisonous to rabbits.

The more worrying thing is, they pop up everywhere, in the flower borders, under trees, in the lawn, etc etc.

If you have lived in your property for a long time then it's probably you that has planted your garden and you'll know exactly what you've planted and where. (If you can remember that is!)

Year Round Worry :-(

It's not only Spring time you have to worry about, you need to be wary of what grows in-between the grass on the lawn, the vegetable patch and what's dangling over the fence from the neighbour's trees!

If you have moved to a new home and are not familiar with what's in the flower borders, under the lawns, or what type of tree fruit is good or bad for your bunnies, then the following information is of vital importance!

  • You're worried what your rabbits are eating, right.
  • You buy your pet rabbits packaged food because you know it's safe, but it's costing you a fortune.
  • You'd like to give your rabbits fresh, home grown food, all the time, but you haven't a clue what plants are safe and what plants are poisonous.
  • It's a toxic mine-field in your own back yard!

There is a Solution!

Most sensible, caring rabbit owners like yourself, know that providing a good wholesome diet for your rabbits is half the battle when it comes to their health and longevity.

But when it comes to common garden plants, and food that we often eat ourselves, we get a little stuck. We don't know if they are safe for our rabbits to eat or not.

They don't come with labels like the packaged rabbit food do they?

So let's make it clear…

You need to know WHAT NOT TO GIVE your rabbits, to keep them safe!

Everything You Need to Know is Right Here...

This ebook contains answers to many common questions often asked by rabbit owners...

Do You Want To...

  • Let your bunnies play and forage in the garden for longer lengths of time?
  • Grow more healthy plants to give your rabbits fresh, organic food?
  • Relax, safe in the knowledge that your rabbits are eating the correct diet?
  • Know what to do in the event of your rabbit getting toxic poisoning?

[Kindle Edition] by Kerry Greener

What you can expect from this ebook...

Rabbits need to act like 'rabbits' - The extensive index, contained in this e-book contains all known toxic plants making it an essential reference guide and aid to ensuring all your outdoor (and indoor) areas are safe for all your pets.

This e-book will guide you on what NOT to grow and help you weed out any offending plants and bulbs from your yard and gardens.

Growing your own plants will not only save money, especially if you have lots of rabbits to feed, but it will give all your rabbits a more natural diet, ultimately giving them extraordinary health and longevity.

The knowledge in this e-book will give you the background for getting started on your garden of Eden!

Rabbits may be clever when it comes to knowing what they like and don't like, but a hungry rabbit will eat almost anything, ignoring any toxic, bitter taste.

Download your handy copy today... and keep it with you in your phone or tablet, for when you need it the most!

The Complete Toxic Plant and Bulb Guide:
Rabbits Are Dying to Know

Toxic Garden Plants & Bulbs eBook Reference Guide

This complete e-book and handy reference guide will give you all you need to know about toxic plants and bulbs...

The Complete Toxic Plant and Bulb Guide:
Rabbits Are Dying to Know

Complete Toxic Plant Guide   from £3.77

The ultimate action is to 'prevent', not cure.

This e-book will give you the 'power' you need to intervene!

Rabbits that graze outdoors are especially at risk from ingested toxins, as once eaten they very quickly start to form a deadly cocktail in the stomach and if not treated in time can lead to serious pain and ultimately, death.

The toxic poisoning symptoms for each plant/bulb are explained in detail as are any treatments and/or actions that can be taken to help, cure or alleviate pain caused by poisoning or reaction.

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Rabbit Food Pellets

Nutritional Content

An adult rabbit should have a pellet food with a fibre content of at least 18-20% and a protein content of around 12-14%.

Young rabbits need a higher protein level of around 16% as they are still developing.

There are various rabbit pellets that are commonly used in a rabbits diet among  experienced breeders and owners and most have high fibre contents.

You can find more about rabbit food pellets and overviews of each here...

However, if you don't have time to pop over to that page now, you can't go far wrong with the Supreme Science Selective. This is an excellent product, especially with them having recently raised their fibre content to 25%.

A Just Rabbits favourite!

Supreme Science Selective Rabbit Food 10kg

Testimonials about Science Selective

"My buns have always opted for the Selective, it really is their favourite. When I first wanted to choose a pellet brand I put out 4 bowls containing 4 top brands including the Science Selective, they all chose the Science Selective and the bowl was empty in seconds!"
Kerry Greener - Just Rabbits Limited


"My rabbit loves it and can't live without it. It contains lots of essential
  nutrients for rabbits and prevents the teeth over-growing problem. I usually
  go to local pet shop to buy but found it was much cheaper to buy on Amazon. So if you have a dry place to store the whole lot (10KG!!) and your bunny has
  good appetite for it, I would recommend it."
Amazon Customer - astonzhang (UK)


"My rabbits gradually had this food introduced with their other pellets
  and now they won't eat the other pellets at all! They did have Excel complete
  pellets but now all they will have are these ones! "
Amazon Customer - missreadalot

Changing Pellets in Your Rabbit's Diet

If you want to change your rabbit's pellets, you must do so gradually as they have a tendency to get addicted to certain varieties, especially the ones that are classed as a junk food.

Some rabbits will even urinate in their food bowls if they think the food is yukky - yes, we get the message! However, once they have slowly adjusted to the change, they will be healthier and much happier for it.

In fact rabbits are very stuck in their ways and getting them to do anything different usually takes a good two weeks of slow adjustment. Perhaps that infamous phrase about leopards never changing their spots should be adapted for our stubborn buns instead ;-)

Steps to Changing Your Rabbit Food

If you do need to change pellet food, it is recommended you do so very gradually.

Get the complete guide to changing your rabbit's diet with the Just Rabbits 'Get Started with Rabbits' Kit and eBook - It's all covered in Step 1

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Fruits & Treats in a Rabbits Diet

Notes About Fruit

Fruits can be included in a rabbits diet but should be classed as a treat and fed in moderation due to the high sugar content they all have.

Make it a rule to only give your rabbits 2 tablespoons of fruit per day. My rabbits only get fruit treats once a week (unless they help themselves to my strawberry plants like they did the other week - little scamps!)

Did You Know?

Dried pineapple (in small doses due to high sugar content) contains enzymes which are thought to be good to help break down ingested fur. This makes it a good part of your rabbits diet, especially if they are moulting.

safe fruit for rabbits

Treats in a Rabbits Diet

Rabbits, like any animal, including us, can have a very 'sweet-tooth' and crave those high calorie, high sugar treats - they love them and would happily eat them all day instead of their hay so you must say 'no' to their cute little bunny faces and make sure they get a proper balanced diet!

Any type of 'human' food, (processed in some way and not naturally growing i.e. bread is processed as you don't get bread plants!) should NOT be given to rabbits. It is very dangerous for their digestive system. They should eat a natural, preferably organic, vegetarian diet that is high in fibre.

You may think that because we love chocolate for example, then our rabbits will love it too. In fact you can buy rabbit-safe chocolate drops from most pet shops but all these do is help you to empty your wallet and put your rabbits in an early grave. PLEASE DON'T BUY THEM, they are full of unnatural sugars and are extremely bad for your rabbit's digestive system!

Instead, treat your rabbits with natural sweet treats such as fruit or small chunks of 'sweet' vegetables such as carrots and broccoli.

Gorgeous lop bunny at the 'Rabbit and Get Fat' Cafe being treated to some juicy carrot pieces.

Homemade Healthy Treats

There are loads of ways you can treat your rabbit without hurting your rabbits or your wallet!
Have a look at these natural rabbit treats ideas...

Using Treats for Training

If you call your rabbit and they come to you, when they feel like it that is, reward them with a treat. They will soon start to associate the two things together and will come to you every time you call.

This is called training by association - it works on kids too - try it lol! More on training here...

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Get All the Answers to...

...Common Rabbit Diet Questions

Finally, all the answers to your rabbit's diet dilemmas get answered here once and for all.

Download and keep a super 'getting started' guide and never be unsure about what to feed your rabbit and why.

Get answers to such questions like...

  • Q: My rabbits won't eat hay, why?
  • Q: How can I get my rabbit to eat more hay?
  • Q: My rabbit has stopped eating, what should I do?
  • Q: Why would teeth problems cause my rabbits to stop eating?
  • Q: What is GI Stasis?
  • Q: Should I give my rabbits water in a bowl or bottle?
  • Q: I think one of my rabbits is drinking more than usual, is this important?

The Complete 'Get Started With Rabbits' Kit

Handy fact sheets, tutorials, free infographics, cost analysis print outs, scientific breakthrough reports and much more, to give you up-to-date, modern and practical knowledge for keeping healthy, happy rabbits forever. Plus loads of freebies and extras!

Get real piece of mind and ultimate control with your precious bunnies, on your hard-drive, everywhere you go & always where you need it!

iRabbit READY Kit  RRP: £58.00  Only £24

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Ask Your Own Questions About Your Rabbit's Diet...

Sharing is an important part of this rabbit community and I for one know the importance of having a friendly, experienced voice on hand to throw a question at.

Getting good honest, reliable answers to those stumbling questions, especially when you're new to keeping rabbits, is a Godsend.

So please, come on you experts, experienced rabbit owners and bunny lovers out there; Ask a question on your rabbits diet or answer a rabbit diet related question that you see here!

Nobody says it better than those that have done it, seen it and know the solution... please share...

Do Your Rabbits Have Favourite Foods? Good Habits - Bad Habits - Share Your Stories...

Have you struggled with getting your rabbits to eat hay?
Have you picked up any tips and tricks along the way?
If you have a great story about your rabbits diet please share.
It may help someone too!

What Other Visitors Have Said About Their Rabbits Diet

Click below to see some great stories & pics from other rabbit lovers who have shared their rabbits diet tips and advice...

Heavy Breathing, Drinking Bunny! 
I bought my little bunny a month ago... He lives indoors and he's only 14 weeks old. But he seems to breathe heavily all the time even when he's …

My Rabbit Loves Crackers 
My Rabbit Loves Crackers! My rabbit, 'Casserole', doesn't like carrots... Although she seems to love Jacobs plain crackers, Shredded Wheat and Bran …

Are Plum Leaves Toxic to Rabbits?  
"Are Plum Leaves Toxic to Rabbits?" This was a question asked by Brooke in Australia and I decided to answer it in a bit more detail …

I have read that clover is bad for rabbits. Is this true? 
I am drying my own hay from lawnmower leavings in our yard, but unfortunately it is dotted allover with clover. I don't use the stuff that is undoubtedly …

Stale way! 
Our lop eared bunny is going to be 1 year in April. He is eating a good amount of hay each day along with organic greens and 1/8 cup of pellets. The …

Can Rabbits Graze on Freshly Mowed Grass? Not rated yet
Can Rabbits Graze on Freshly Mowed Grass? (question answered by Kerry Greener of Just Rabbits Limited) Let's cut to the 'grass' and get down to …

Click here to write your own.

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The Surprising 7 Fundamentals of Rabbit Health

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