American Fuzzy Lop

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To help understand the American Fuzzy, the breed details are divided in to the following categories:

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The American Fuzzy is not recognised by the British Rabbit Council (BRC) but is included as a breed by the American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA).

Any animal meeting the breed requirements listed in the ARBA Standard of Perfection is allowable on the show table.

A purebred pedigree is not required for exhibition in the ARBA show.  Therefore, an animal produced from the interbreeding of Holland Lops and American Fuzzy Lops or a Fuzzy Lop produced by two Holland Lops is permitted to compete in any ARBA sanctioned show, local or national.

Breed Name
of Origin
American Fuzzy Lop
United States

ARBA Schedule of Points

General Type....84

  • Head....24
  • Ears....10
  • Crown....8
  • Body....32
  • Bone....10


Color & Markings....4


Total Points....100

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History of the American Fuzzy Lop

Breed Origins
The background of the American Fuzzy is interwoven with the history of the Holland Lop. At first the Holland Lop rabbit was only available in solid colors and some breeders wanted to add the broken pattern to the Holland Lop gene pool. So they bred their Holland Lops to English Spots. They achieved the goal of producing broken pattern rabbits but they failed to keep the rollback fur the Holland must have. The offspring instead had the flyback fur of the English Spot.

The breeders then bred Holland Lops to French Angoras, a breed that has a very gentle rollback coat. The result of these manipulations was that the wool gene was also introduced into the Holland Lop gene pool and a Holland with long wool was occasionally found in Holland Lop litters. These were generally sold to people who were enchanted with a small woolly lop-eared rabbit.

American Fuzzy breeders, including Patty Greene-Karl and Gary Fellers of the American East Coast and Kim Landry and Margaret Miller of the American West Coast, noted the marketability of these fuzzy Hollands. Patty Greene-Karl is credited with realizing that the "fuzzy" gene was recessive, so that mating two Holland Lops carrying this gene resulted in a certain percentage of the offspring (theoretically 25%) with wool.

Patty decided to develop these rabbits as a new breed, named the American Fuzzy Lop.

After working for four years on the development of Fuzzies, she presented her rabbits to the ARBA for the first showing of the new breed at the 1985 ARBA Convention in Houston, Texas.

ARBA Acceptance
Three separate standards for woolled lops were received from three different individuals. The original standard called for a maximum weight of 4 ¾ lb with the ideal weight of 3 ¾ lb, a rabbit designed to have the body type, ear carriage and size of a Holland Lop, combined with a short, easily maintained wool.

At the 1986 ARBA Convention in Columbus, Ohio, the American Fuzzy Lop was presented for its second showing, and again passed.

At its third showing at the 1987 ARBA Convention in Portland, Oregon, the ARBA Standards Committee did not approve the breed. They stated a lack of uniformity from one animal to another. A new working standard was written by Jeff Hardin at the request of Patty, which was accepted.

The revised standard basically described a wooly Holland, calling for a maximum weight of 4 pounds, and an ideal weight of 3½ lb. In 1988, ARBA requested only the breed sponsor be allowed to bring her Fuzzy Lops to Convention in Madison, Wisconsin because of limited cage space. The American Fuzzy Lop had to pass that year to become a recognized breed or else its proponents would have to start the procedure all over again. Fortunately, Patty’s presentation passed at this Convention, and the American Fuzzy Lop became a new recognized breed.

In 1989 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, Helen McKie's "Herbie" was selected as the first Best of Breed (BOB) American Fuzzy Lop at an ARBA Convention. Herbie’s picture graced the ARBA Standard of Perfection, 1991–95, representing Fuzzies well but only the American Fuzzy Lop presented by Patty was granted a working standard.

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American Fuzzy Lop Varieties


  • Agouti
  • Broken
  • Pointed White
  • Self-Shaded
  • Tan Pattern
  • Ticked
  • Wide Band

(ARBA accepted groups: Broken & Solid)

Fuzzy Lop

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Size, Weight, Shape & Ears

The American Fuzzy is about the same size as a Holland Lop and is classed as a small breed.

It is a dwarf breed, carrying the dwarf gene which contributes to both the small size and the short, wide heads and bodies that fanciers so desire.

Most breeds accept that a senior rabbit is 8 months and above, the intermediate is between 6 and 8 months and the junior under 6 months.

The show standards for the American Fuzzy is different. A senior buck/doe are recognised from 6 months and older, and a junior buck/doe are accepted from under 6 months, thus eliminating the intermediate range.

Senior bucks and does should not be over 4 pounds with an ideal weight of 3 ½ pounds for the buck and 3 ¾ pounds for the doe. Junior bucks and does should not be over 3 ½ pounds but should be a minimum of 1 ¾ pounds if you want to show them.

The body is to be short, massive, and thick set. The topline shoulder start behind the head and carry back to a hindquarter of equal depth. When viewed from the front, the chest should be broad, exhibiting width between the the front legs. The shoulders should be short with depth nearly equal to width, but not exceeding width of hindquarter. The hindquarter should be broad, deep, and well-rounded with depth to approximate width. The animal should be well muscled. A small, simple dewlap is permitted in does.

Ears and crowns work hand-in-hand, and together, they account for 18 points. If there is poor shape to the crown, the ears will be effected negatively.

If the crown is tight (narrow from side to side), then you will most likely see ear control. If the crown is narrow from front to back, you will see folding or at least a bell shape to the upper portion of the ear. If the crown is slipped on lop rabbits (placed further back on the skull than it should be), then the ears can sweep forward or backward rather than hang straight.

Tip: If you can’t see the ears well in the front view, the crown is probably severely slipped. When the crown and ears are properly placed, the crown and ears can all be seen from the front in a continuous line from the tip of one ear up, over the crown and down to the tip of the second ear.

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Agouti: Chestnut, Chinchilla, Lynx, Opal, Squirrel

Point White Group: Pointed White

Self Group: Black, Blue, Blue Eyed White, Chocolate, Lilac, Ruby Eyed White

Shaded Group: Sable Point, Siamese Sable, Siamese Smoke Pearl, Tortoise Shell

Wide Banned Group: Fawn, Orange

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Fur Type / Coat

AFL fur is actually long hair called wool.  The wool can be spun into yarn despite being only about 2 inches in length.  Fuzzy lop wool is coarse next to that of an angora.  This coarse texture is desirable because it means that the coat is not prone to tangling or matting, making the AFL much easier to care for than larger wooled breeds. 

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American Fuzzy Lops are an active, playful, social breed with lots of personality and make excellent pets. They enjoy the attention of their owner, as well as the companionship of other rabbits.

Fuzzy Lops enjoy having toys such as plastic balls, pine cones, pieces of soft wood, stuffed socks and old gloves. You get the idea, they just love to play!

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Known as 'The Head of the Fancy' their breed slogan gives you a clue as to the reason why were developed and bred.

The American Fuzzy Lop was developed as a show rabbit although they also have good course wool that is great for making in to yarn.

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Breed Status

American Fuzzy Lops are currently not at risk and are increasing in popularity around the world.

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Rabbit Care & Handling

American Fuzzy Lops do not require daily grooming except during a molt.  Every few days you should run your fingers through a Fuzzy’s wool to work out the tangles and debris. 

Be sure to check the vent area for droppings and bedding that can get stuck in the wool.  As with all rabbits, you should avoid giving AFL’s a full bath, but “spot clean” their coats to remove stains.

Here is a list of resources to help you care for your rabbits…

  • The Ultimate New Rabbit Checklist - The best place to start if you are thinking about raising any breed of rabbit.
  • How to Raise Rabbits – information and resources on the subject of raising pet rabbits.
  • Breeding Rabbits – more about how to successfully breed rabbits for fun, showing, or profit.
  • Rabbit Supplies – find rabbit supplies and equipment at astounding value.
  • Rabbit Health – up to date information & resources for ensuring your rabbit is in the best health.
  • Rabbits Diet - Extensive info about hay, water, safe foods, treats, weight management & FAQs on diet.

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Breeders, Clubs & Organizations

American Fuzzy Lop Rabbit Breeders – locate American Fuzzy Lop breeders using the online rabbit breeders directory, search or submit your own rabbitry.

National Club: American Fuzzy Lop Rabbit Club

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