Female Bunny Peeing Blood

by Erin
(Essex co. NJ)

Red Rabbit Urine?

Red Rabbit Urine?

My 3 year old female rabbit has been peeing blood for the past week.

She is on antibiotics and this seems to be reducing the amount of blood but it is still there.

The vet recommends a hysterectomy but wants to charge me over $800.00 and I really cannot afford that amount.

What can I do to save her life?

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Jul 10, 2016
True hematuria?
by: Kerry

Please note I'm not a vet but I'll share what I do know in the hope that some of the information may help...

I'm sure you've had this verified, but sometimes red urine is not actually blood at all, but can turn out to be pee that has been dyed by plant pigments within the diet.

You may not realise which plants are causing the red dying effect but it will be coming from the ones that are high in beta-carotene, such as carrots and spinach. Ingesting pine or fur needles also causes the same thing.

Interestingly, antibiotics, stress and dehydration all intensify the appearance of the redness.

Actual blood in the urine is called haematuria and is quite rare but can be
due to a number of things:

* Kidney or bladder infection,

* Stones or debris in the urinary tract

* cystitis

* uterine adencarcinoma (Glandular cancer)

* bladder polyps

If the blood is coming from the uterus or vagina you will see blood around the vulva. This blood drops out when urination occurs then it appears the urine itself has the blood.

Nonspayed females may sometimes get red urine due to:

* Thickening of the lining of the uterus

* Uterine infection

* Uterine cancer

* Uterine polyps

* Abortion

In very rare instances, red urine may be due chemicals called bilirubin and urobilinogen, found in the blood and the urine if the rabbit has liver disease or her blood cells are being destroyed.

Here's some info on calcium sludge that may be important to know as the effect can cause many additional problems.

Sludge accumulates in the urinary bladder resulting in cystitis, and causes urethral irritation when urinated.

Urolithiasis is the formation of calculi in the urinary tract and may be unrelated to calciuria.

Uroliths may be renal, ureteral, cystic, or urethral.

Urolithiasis in rabbits is related to their high calcium excretory rate but also may be the result of mechanical obstruction of the urinary tract.

I'm sure your vet has given you the best advice possible, therefore ruling out red urine due to plant extracts.

So it's highly possible your rabbit has true hematuria and this can be down to a number of factors and it is important to know these to avoid this happening again.

  • Sedentary Lifestyle - Rabbits need a lot of exercise (about 2 football pitches of movement!) every day.

  • Non-spayed female rabbits - Spaying females eliminates many of these problems before they occur.

  • Middle-age - While this can't be avoided, the right diet and exercise regime are vital as a rabbit ages.

  • Poor immune system - kidney stones, bacterial bladder infections, and an increased level of calcium in the blood can all be minimised or avoided completely if the immune system is allowed to function properly.

The page on natural antibiotics may help here...


Of course the most common cause of hematuria occurs in females that have not
been spayed that then develop some kind of problem with their reproductive system.

These include:

* Coagulation

* Clotting type disorders

* Genital injury

* Urinary tract or bladder injury

Possible Treatments

Increasing water consumption is the most important factor in preventing hypercalciuria or urolithiasis.

Feeding succulent leafy greens such as kale, mustard greens, dandelion greens, and parsley and adding natural fruit juices without sugar to the water encourage water intake over time.

Limiting dietary intake of calcium is also important. Feeding pelleted food only formulated from grass hay and limiting exposure to alfalfa hay is recommended.

Vitamin and mineral supplements should be discontinued.

Exercise ( A lOT !!) and natural foraging and grazing will promote water intake and frequent urination.

And I say again, try the natural antibiotics page recommended above.

The fact that your vet has advised a hysterectomy suggests that your rabbit has a reproductive tract issue and usually if blood is found to originate from the reproductive tract of an intact female, then surgery is indicated and often curative.

Good luck and I really hope your little bunny gets better soon

Kerry :-)

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