To help understand the Holland or Miniature Lop, the breed details are divided in to the following categories:
The Holland Lop is not recognised by the BRC, (British Rabbit Council) but is included as a breed by the ARBA (American Rabbit Breeders Association).
The BRC recognises the Miniature Lop which is the equivalent of the US Holland Lop, however the Miniature Lop can be smaller.
The Miniature Lop shouldn't be confused with the American Mini Lop, which is a different breed.
Hollands or Miniature Lops have also been called the Dwarf Lop and the Netherland Dwarf Lop.
Type & Weight...30
Head, Crown and Eyes & Ears...30
Colour and Pattern...15
Color & Markings....4
The Holland Lop is the smallest breed of Lop eared bunny tying with the American Fuzzy Lop.
The original breeder of the Holland Lop was Adrain De Cock, his goal was to produce a miniature version of the French Lop. He first started in the winter of 1949 by breeding a white Netherland Dwarf doe to a French Lop buck, but obtained an undesirable litter. Unsatisfied, he decided to switch the sexes in the breeds, breeding a French Lop doe and a Netherland Dwarf buck. The resulting litter of six, however, all possessed normal, erect ear carriage.
Subsequently, in 1952, de Cock took a doe from the litter of six to breed with an English Lop buck. Producing five young of mixed ear carriage between lopped, erect and half-lopped. As the lone fully lop-eared doe was deemed too aggressive in nature, it was not subjected to further breeding and a half-lopped doe was instead bred with a buck from the original litter of six. In turn, the does from the original litter were bred with the bucks from the second litter. The resulting lopped young were selected from the litter and interbred with an emphasis on French lop characteristics (in order to compensate for the infusion of the English Lop during the breeding process).
New Breed Recognition
De Cock soon had a group of Holland Lops weighing between 2.5 to 3 kilograms. By January 1964, he bred the Holland Lops to a more desirable weight of less than 2 kilograms and presented four such specimens to the Netherlands Governing Rabbit Council, where the Holland Lop was recognized as a new breed.
Soon thereafter, Aleck Brooks, founder of the Holland Lop Rabbit Speciality Club brought the breed to the United States in 1976 where they were subsequently recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association in 1979.
Holland Lops come in many colour varieties. At the moment there are 84 recognized colours but for the purposes of showing, the ARBA accepts only two groups; Solid and Broken.
Hollands are a dwarf breed and are the smallest breed of lop-eared dwarf rabbits weighing between 2-4 pounds full grown. (Ring size K).
The Holland Lop is a short coupled rabbit. Its body length to head ratio should be approximately 2:1, unlike a commercial rabbit which is approximately 3:1. When evaluating the size of the head there are two important factors to consider. First the size of the head is proportional to the size of the body and will be smaller on a 3 pound Holland than on a 4 pound Holland.
A Junior rabbit is under six months of age and must not weigh less than 2lbs to be shown. A Senior rabbit is six months or older and must not weigh more than 4 lbs to be shown.
The Holland is to be heavily muscled, compact and well balanced in length, width and depth. The general aspect of the body is short, massive and thick set.
The shoulders should be deep with depth carried back to the hindquarters and the chest should be broad and well filled. The width of the shoulders should be nearly equal to but not greater than the width of the hindquarters. The hindquarters should be broad, deep, well rounded and well filled at the lower portions.
A small, simple dewlap is permitted in does.
The ears of a Holland lop are a crucial factor in showing. The ARBA breed standard offers a huge 42 points out of the total 100 points for the Head, Ears & Crown combined. Because of the lop nature of the ears they are influenced by the shape of the head and crown.
good ear, as defined by the ARBA is short and rounded at the tips. A good term to help create a mental image is "teaspoon shaped". The ear should also lay wide and open against
A bad ear would be the opposite, of course, but also the ear should not be too long. The ear should not fall longer than one inch below the chin.
The many different colour varieties of Holland Lop which can be divided in to eight groups:
The fur is to be glossy, dense, fine in texture and uniform in length. Fur should be approximately 1 inch in length and is to
gradually roll back into normal position when it is stroked from the hindquarters to the shoulders.
Hollands should have a definite appearance of health and vigour. They should have a good coat, firmly set in the pelt. They should have firm flesh - neither too fat (soft and flabby) or too thin (bony).
On average Holland Lops live for up to 10 years.
It's not unusual to have teenage Hollands, especially when kept as indoor pets.
As with all rabbits, they have individual personalities and it's difficult to generalize when talking about 'personality'. However, the majority of Holland Lops are known for their excellent temperament, being more docile and gentle in comparison to some other popular breeds.
They are very intelligent and easy to litter-box train. Hollands are fast becoming the most popular breed as they make wonderful pets and are a perfect breed for young children, being easy to handle and craving of affection.
Female Holland Lops are generally very sweet, getting just a little grumpy when they go through the teenage stage or when they are in heat. They may grunt and sometimes box, however not all does are like this.
Bucks are probably more cuddlier and never go through a teenage cranky stage. Some bucks will spray if you have a doe around that is in heat. Bucks in general make better pets as they do love attention and are almost dog-like in character.
Hollands were created purely as a show breed with their small size being a primary factor.
They are very popular on the show table, as well as companion rabbits and house pets.
Hollands are in no way rare and their popularity is increasing year on year. You would probably find a dedicated breeder not too far from you!
A Holland Lop rabbit does require a certain amount of grooming. They shed or molt in the Autumn and Spring so a good wire brush will help remove all excess fur. This is good practise so your rabbit does not ingest 'hairballs' when they groom themselves.
Here is a list of resources to help you care for your rabbits…
Holland Lop Rabbit Breeders – locate Holland Lop breeders using the online rabbit breeders directory, search or submit your own rabbitry.
Approved Breeders -
Holland Lop Club - Official Website of the Holland Lop Rabbit Speciality Club
NMLRC - National Miniature Lop Rabbit Club UK Facebook Page (The Holland Lop is known as the Miniature Lop or Mini Lop in the UK)
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