Rabbits Habitat

Understanding Rabbits ~ History ~ Anatomy ~ Behaviour ~ Rabbits Habitat

The habitat of the wild rabbit  is largely dependent on the species type and what they have adapted to.

The habitats of the domestic rabbit (our pets) have changed dramatically from the preferences of their wild rabbit ancestors. Sadly not for the better.

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Happy Binky rabbits

All rabbits like a lot of space.
In the wild they cover
an area equivalent
to 30 football pitches.

So you see, they're really not designed to be in hutches!

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A rabbit's range depends on the species but typically a wild rabbit can be found on every continent in the world.

As far as wild rabbits go, the only place they can not be found is Antarctica. They are also not native to Australia.

A wild rabbits habitat can range from prairies and meadows, to thickets and farmland to woods, forests and taiga, grassland and moorlands.

Rabbits are very durable and have adapted to most weather conditions too.

Our clever little wild bunnies can also be found in the heat of the dessert in the sand dunes and the edge of beaches and braving the bleak, cold, biting winds of the tundra. (However, the rabbits in the tundra are not really rabbits they are hares, a completely different species.)

You can find Arctic Hares and Snowshoe Rabbits (actually hares), in the really cold climates of the artic.

In general, wild rabbits like to have firm dirt to dig in, shrubs to hide in and shade to cool down in.

The cottontail rabbits habitat tends to be the edges of forests and fields as well as grasslands and sand dunes.

Cottontails mainly live above ground like hares. Most can be found in mountainous areas but can actually be found all over the US and Europe. There are even Desert cottontails in Arizona.

European Rabbit
This is the species all pet rabbits were bred from. They live in the Mediterranean region and are native to south western Europe (Spain and Portugal), but can also be found in northwest Africa (Morocco and Algeria). The European rabbit prefers grassland habitats.

Rabbits are largely crepuscular, meaning they are most active around dawn and dusk, although they can be seen active during the day.

During the day, rabbits prefer to reside in vegetated patches, which they use for protection from predators. At night, they move into open land to feed.

Wild rabbits make their homes in places that are close to a source of food and away from their enemies. Most of the vegetation found around a warren is normally short due to being frequently fed on by the rabbits.

Rabbit populations seem to be greatest in ecotone habitats (transition area between two communities) and less in scrublands or grasslands.

Wild rabbits have few defenses other than good eyesight, good hearing, and the ability to flee quickly.

They compensate for heavy losses by reproducing at a very fast rate.

Females can breed at 3 months of age and have multiple litters in a year. The young stay at the nest for only about 2 weeks before venturing off.

Thicket rabbits habitat
Meadow rabbits habitat
Farmland rabbits habitat
Woodland forest rabbit habitat
Grassland habitat
Moorland rabbit habitat
Sand dune rabbit habitat
Desert habitat
Tundra rabbit habitat


Rabbits are very friendly and love the company of other rabbits. They naturally live in groups which are called colonies and create a burrow system which are called warrens.

All rabbits except cottontail rabbits live underground in burrows or warrens, while hares live in simple nests above the ground (as do cottontail rabbits) and usually do not live in groups.

Most rabbit warrens are 3 metres deep and one warren can have many different entrances. They are almost always dug and created by the females.

The inside of a warren is a maze of tunnels. The rabbits use these tunnels as nesting chambers to raise their babies and living quarters.

Rabbit Burrows

Rabbit burrows are mostly
created by the does
(female rabbits).

Rabbits Habitat Predators

Rabbit caught by hawk

Birds of prey are the primary predators of rabbits in scrublands and the edge of farmland.

This poor rabbit has been nabbed by a Red-tailed Hawk.

Rabbits in grasslands are preyed on by carnivores.

Cottontails are preyed upon by everything from snakes to coyotes to owls, most cottontails are killed within their first year.

The poor old Ecotone rabbits are preyed on by carnivores and many types of birds of prey.

Pet Rabbits Habitat

Cuddles at home

My pet rabbit 'Cuddles'
enjoying his natural habitat,
my son's trampoline, he loves it!

Lets not forget a rabbit's habitat can also be your backyard, garden, local city field and even your home.

They will live in a hutch on your lawn or in your garden, sometimes in their own run and often indoors. It's widely recommended that pet rabbits are kept indoors because there's many dangers outside. They can be house trained and wander around your house safely all day.

Don't forget a domestic rabbits habitat should include a large cage or hutch, (the larger the better), even larger exercise area, water bottles, food bowl, light/shade, bedding, litter box, and other accessories. Learn more about caring for your rabbits habitat needs...

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